What is a Cortisone Injection?
Cortisone is a corticosteroid released by the adrenal gland in response to stress and is a potent anti-inflammatory agent.
Indications for Cortisone Injections
Cortisone injections are recommended in injuries that cause pain and inflammation, and those that don't require surgical treatment. One such condition is frozen shoulder.
Cortisone Injection Procedure
Artificial preparations containing cortisone are injected directly into the affected joint to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. The effects of cortisone injections may last for several weeks.
Risks and Complications of Cortisone Injections
Cortisone injections offer significant relief in pain and inflammation; however, they are associated with certain adverse effects. The most common side effect is a "cortisone flare", a condition where cortisone crystallizes and causes severe pain for a brief period that lasts for a day or two. Cortisone flare can be minimized by applying ice to the injected area. Other adverse effects include whitening of the skin and infection at the injection site, a transient elevation in blood sugar if you are diabetic.